You are thinking you need a fight scene in your novel. The most important question is “Why?” Your novel and the specific situation in a particular scene must demand some sort of physical interaction between characters. But don’t think that the physical is the end-all of the scene; instead, a fight scene is an opportunity to reveal character as the characters interact in a physical way. As with any scene, there should be a beginning, middle and end and somewhere in there, a pivot point where the story changes direction.
Let’s Fight: Basics of a Fight Scene
First, a fight scene must move the novel or story forward. The outcome of the fight must matter on a large enough scale, and yet on a small enough scale, too. That is, not so big that the story ends abruptly, but enough that something important changes. What is at stake (other than dying) and why is it important to the story?
It’s all about character. The stakes of the scene should be rooted in character, the fighters and/or the observers. It must reveal something about your character as the scene progresses. (beliefs, what is worth fighting for, fears, cowardice, courage, what the character is willing to do and what s/he won’t do, etc.). It can’t just be whacking each other over the head. It must matter to the story and to the character, both internal and external arcs.
Make it hard for the characters. Give the characters equal skills, so the fight relies on character qualities for its outcome. Be realistic here. For example, a child or teen may not be as strong as a burly man, but they may be faster. Think about how different skills can offset the opponent’s strength. You’ll ultimately have to figure out how the underdog might defeat a stronger foe; but it must be hard and must be believable.
Final Showdown. Hero must barely survive and must run out of options as the fight progresses.
In the final showdown, the Hero must go beyond his normal abilities, face some fear or do the unthinkable or impossible to survive. This isn’t a waltz. It’s a waltz of death. Maybe the death of a hope, a fear, an alternative, a love.
How to Write a Fight Scene
List possible actions. If you are doing a sword fight, they can thrust, jab, parry, dodge and so on. Are there alternate weapons, alternate settings, alternate methods? If so, list these and then rank them in order of danger or what is at stake. You’ll start the fight with the gentlest, most benign fighting and move toward more deadly methods. Rank not just weapons, but also settings and other methods of fighting. For example, settings may be more dangerous if the fight is in a swamp (deadly footing), a rainstorm (visibility and footing), an alley (dark, close quarters), etc. Be sure to consider all variables and start with the easiest and work up to the hardest. It may mean that one fight escalates through all these stages, or it may mean that early fights in a series of conflicts are easy leading up to the major battle at the climax.
Choreograph. Create a waltz of death, of characters coming against each other, one gaining an advantage, only to be thrust back giving the second character a temporary advantage, which is also countered. I can’t be more specific because choreography will depend on whether your characters are fist-fighting or using some historically accurate weapon. Whatever the specifics, you must think about the beats or distinct actions of the fight itself. Get up from the computer, move around and try to mime the actions of the scene. Even if your character is riding a horse or a dragon, try to act it out.
Emotions. Brief moments of emotion are essential or the scene becomes a boring slash-and-bash affair. The way the characters join the battle are times for developing character, character relationship and the emotional arc of the novel. When there’s a set back–a sword tip reaches in to draw first blood–take time for a mental reaction. Keep it short, of course, (No long flashbacks) but make sure the reader knows the POV character’s reactions at all times.
Keep it intimate. This is not the time for a panorama description, where you pull back and look at the battlefield from overhead. Well, OK, do that, but immediately get back to the front lines where your protag is being battered. I NEVER want to know the specifics of a battle, believe me. But I will follow a battle scene if I am worried about a character. Make the character interesting and lovable before you put him into a fight and I will follow that character anywhere.
Importance of Sensory Details. Through it all, remember that good writing comes alive through the use of sensory details. For a fight scene, it may be the clash of swords, the cry of someone injured, or the smell of blood. But especially remember the kinesthetic details, what it means for the human body to move in space. The swing of the sword, the feel of fist connecting with chin, the exhaustion of dodging an attack for an hour and how your legs ache and you just want to sit and get a drink. What does your character’s body feel as the fight progresses? As usual, try to include at least three different senses, don’t get stuck just on what the character sees.